Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1943–1991, Presidents of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1943–1990, Prime ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina 1945–1990, List of Bosnia and Herzegovina women artists, List of Bosnia and Herzegovina women writers, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, Demographic history of Bosnia and Herzegovina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina_people&oldid=995069193, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Kecmanović, Vojislav Đedo – (25 November 1943 – November 1946), Šegrt, Vlado – (September 1948 – March 1953), Mesihović, Munir – (26 April 1985 – April 1987), Filipović, Nikola – (April 1988 – April 1989), Maglajlija, Seid – (28 April 1982 – 28 April 1984), Ubiparip, Gojko – (28 April 1984 – April 1986), Lovrenović, Josip – (April 1986 – April 1988), Alija Izetbegović (October 1996 – October 1998) (collective presidency chairman), Alija Izetbegović – (February 2000 – October 2000), Živko Radišić – (October 2000 – June 2001), Borislav Paravac – (October 2004 – June 2005), Alen Zdionica - American Pro Wrestler (The Bosnian Bruiser), This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:41. Being a young person in Bosnia-Herzegovina is both very nice and ugly feeling. A sense of nationalism later developed among Bosnian Muslims as well. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. In the 20th century “Muslim” came to be used as an ethnic, not only religious, identifier; it was replaced in the 1990s by “Bosniak.”. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the southeast and the Adritatic Sea to the south. By the early 21st century, however, the birth rate had declined, the death rate had climbed, and the natural rate of increase had fallen below zero. Bosnian is classified in the Indo-European group, and in the Slavic subset. The mother tongue of the vast majority is Serbo-Croatian, a term used to describe, collectively, the mutually intelligible languages now known as Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian, depending on the speaker’s ethnic and political affiliation. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Jun 22, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Titania. This is a list of the oldest people from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Traditional settlement patterns were disrupted by the postindependence war, with the population of many cities swelled by refugees. Bosnia and Herzegovina People in Need first started working in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) in the early 1990s in response to the 1992-1995 Bosnian war. Nevertheless, attendance at church and mosque services continues to be low. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a … Discover (and save!) Much of the violence of the postindependence war had the aim of creating ethnic purity in areas that once had a mixture of peoples. Also, search for people by email address with a Bosnia and Herzegovina reverse email search. The three largest are the Bosniaks, the Serbs, and the Croats. This shift particularly affected the economic and industrial centres of Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Zenica, Tuzla, and Mostar, around which sprawling suburbs of apartment blocks were built. In addition to killing thousands, this ethnic cleansing displaced about half the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina either within its borders or abroad. Herzegovina takes its name from the word herceg, which designated the duke who ruled the southern part of the region until the Ottoman invasion in the fifteenth century. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Directory is in Croatian. The closure and subsequent fire, on Wednesday, at a migrant camp in Bosnia and Herzegovina has left thousands of … Read the aformentioned article in order to find out. The war is commonly seen as having started on 6 April 1992, following a number of violent incidents earlier in the year. The name "Bosnia" is derived from the Bosna River, which cuts through the region. An urban-rural divide is a significant part of Bosnian culture, with urbanites tending to view villagers as primitives and villagers often being defensive about this view. In the rich treasury of cultural wealth of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s peoples, which few countries in the world today can be proud of, especially when it comes to its versatility, includes clothing. So, here are some things you should consider when traveling to Bosnia and Herzegovina, and also some practical info about the people and customs in this Eastern European country. The Bosnian War (Serbo-Croatian: Rat u Bosni i Hercegovini / Рат у Босни и Херцеговини) was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. Bosnia is a diverse country with three major ethnic groups living within the borders who identify as Bosnian. The country consists of four regions: Bosnia, Herzegovina, Republika Srpska and Brcko District. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Bosnia and Herzegovina People 2020 information contained here. The 2019 population of Bosnia and Herzegovina was 3.5 million, giving it a population density of 177 people per square mile (68 people per square kilometer), which ranks 113 th in the world in that regard. Of the hundreds of thousands of people displaced during the war, a significant portion of them emigrated. Towns were ethnically mixed. The people of Bosnia and Herzegovina are known by the demonym "Bosnians", which includes people belonging to the three main constituent groups (Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs). Many larger villages also were mixed, although, in some of these, members of different ethnic groups tended to live in different quarters. Children with disabilities, Romany … Traditional clothing of peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Richness and beauty are reflected in diversity 21. The second two are almost unknown outside the Balkans. Here is a list of famous people from Bosnia and Herzegovina.Curious if anybody from Bosnia and Herzegovina made it our most famous people in the world list? Bosnian uses the Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, and it has a simple 5-vowel system, all of which are monophthongs. The war took a toll on the country economically, politically, socially and physically. A little bit of history. Estimates suggest that hundreds of thousands of displaced persons eventually returned to their prewar homes, but a significant portion of the displaced population resettled in areas where they were among the majority ethnic group. The 1992–95 war had radically altered the demographic situation. Bosniaks are Muslims and have a majority in the region of Bosnia. In the Ottoman era, Bosnian was written using a version of the Arabic alphabet. June 2017. Villages are of variable size. The association of religion with national identity has meant that religious identity has remained important. Bosnia has been inhabited by humans since at least the Paleolithic, as one of the oldest cave paintings was found in Badanj cave. Bosnia and Herzegovina has been slowly recovering from the conflict that took place in the country during the late 1990s. Find out more about the greatest Bosnians, including Alija Izetbegovic and Aleksa Šantić. 24 December 2020. The war ended on 14 December 1995. United States as a Partner for the People of Bosnia and Herzegovina The U.S. has been a strong partner and friend of BiH for the past 25 years, providing about $2 billion in assistance since 1995 to support reconstruction, humanitarian assistance, modernization of the defense sector, economic development, and education. Legendary Bosnia and Herzegovina people is part of the WikiProject Bosnia and Herzegovina, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of articles related to Bosnia and Herzegovina on Wikipedia. When it was a part of the Yugoslav federation, Bosnia and Herzegovina had one of the lowest death rates and among the highest live birth rates of Yugoslavia’s republics, and its natural rate of increase in population was high in comparison with most of them. Bosnia and Herzegovina is home to members of numerous ethnic groups. The idea of a broader Serb or Croat “nation” was appealing to regional leaders who coveted Bosnia and Herzegovina’s territory. NOTE: 1) The information regarding Bosnia and Herzegovina on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. Largest Cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina # ZAGREB, October 27, 2019 - Most of the people who have emigrated from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) have moved to Croatia, the government of the Federation, the Bosniak-Croat entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, said in a report.. https://www.britannica.com/place/Bosnia-and-Herzegovina/People Patterns of ethnic distribution before 1992 created an intricate mosaic. Population of Bosnia and Herzegovina: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. After the outbreak of the war, People in Need sent humanitarian workers and supplies into the country to provide immediate and emergency relief to those affected by the conflict. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, 51 people died in the last 24 hours, while 902 are newly infected. Certain areas of the country contained high concentrations of Serb, Croat, or Bosniak inhabitants, while in others there was no overall ethnic majority or only a very small one. The capital city is Surajevo. On top of its high levels of poverty, the country is also becoming a victim of the aging population epidemic and elderly care in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a huge concern. Sarajevo. There are some minor regional variations in pronunciation and vocabulary, but all variations spoken within Bosnia and Herzegovina are more similar to one another than they are to, for example, the speech of Belgrade (Serbia) or Zagreb (Croatia). (The Ottoman Empire was succeeded by Austria-Hungary, which took control in 1878.) The Socialists and Democrats called today in the plenary for emergency support for thousands of migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers who are facing a humanitarian disaster in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Houses are either of an old, small, steep-roofed variety or of a larger, multistoried, modern type. Indeed, “Serb” and “Croat” referred first to the people of two South Slav tribes and then mainly to the people of Serbia and Croatia until the 19th century, when nationalist movements in the Balkans encouraged Bosnians practicing Serbian Orthodoxy to be labeled as Serbs and Bosnians practicing Roman Catholicism to be labeled as Croats. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Economy: As a republic of the Yugoslav federation, Bosnia and Herzegovina adhered to the unique economic system known as socialist self-management. According to the report, at least two million people originating from BiH live abroad, which is 56.5 percent of the country's estimated population of 3.53 million. miles). An influx of more than 1.5 million people from the Middle East and beyond has fuelled political divisions across Europe, and in Bosnia-Herzegovina, one of … The dramatic situation once again shows that the EU needs a permanent, fair and lasting solution to migration challenges, based on solidarity with member states at the external … Bosnia and Herzegovina is a former Yugaslavian country, situated on the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. Search for people in the Bosnia and Herzegovina Phone Book (bhtelecom.ba). This is a list of notable people of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Most smaller villages were inhabited by only one group. Nevertheless, it is estimated that Bosniaks constitute more than two-fifths, Serbs roughly one-third, and Croats less than one-fifth of the population. During the 1960s and ’70s the urban population almost doubled. Croats, or Catholics, have a large population in Herzegovina while the Serbs (Orthodox Christians) are the largest demographic in Republika Srpska. Denis Zvizdić Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Migrants and Refugees. Update to date information about population of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2021. This is a list of notable people of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The three groups share the same South Slav heritage. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, an estimated 9,500 migrants and refugees are in need of humanitarian assistance, according to the UN Development Assistance Framework 2015-2020. your own Pins on Pinterest The major cultural difference between them is that of religious origin or affiliation—a difference that may be explained in part by the legacy of the Ottoman Empire, which allowed autonomous religious communities to coexist under its rule. More than one-half of the population is rural. Poverty levels are higher for IDPs and other minorities in Bosnia. Bosniac women fleeing the town of Jusići, Bos.-Her., following a breakdown in the Dayton Accords, Oct. 2, 1996. The arid plateaus in the southern region are less populated than the more hospitable central and northern zones. Major Neolithic cultures such as the Butmir and Kakanj were present along the river Bosna dated from c. 6230 BC – c. 4900 BC. The Slavics settled in Eastern Europe … In the past hours, 2,407 samples were reported to the Public Health Institute of the Federation of BiH, of which 577 were positive for SARS-CoV-2 New cases have been registered in all cantons in the Federation of B&H. Young villagers are frequently anxious to move to town. Sarajevo is the heart of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina under Austro-Hungarian rule, Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Yugoslav kingdom, Bosnia and Herzegovina in communist Yugoslavia. The 2019 population density in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 65 people per Km 2 (168 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 51,000 Km2 (19,691 sq. Continuing efforts by the international community to promote the return of persons forcibly displaced during the Bosnian conflict (1992–95) to their original homes, as well as domestic political sensitivities, blocked the conduct of a census well into the 21st century. Muslims praying at Gazi Husrev Bey Mosque, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina have an ethnic majority of Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslim) and Croats (Bosnian Catholic). It’s heavily influenced by the Turks, as it … Find a Bosnian and Herzegovinian company phone number and we will show you how to call abroad. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. The role of religion within all three populations was elevated by the demise of communism, the revival of nationalism in the wake of Yugoslav disintegration, and the violence of the war. A Latin and a Cyrillic alphabet exist, and both have been taught in schools and used in the press, but the rise of nationalism in the 1990s prompted a Serb alignment with Cyrillic and a Croat and Bosniak alignment with the Latin alphabet. Mountain village of Kladanj, on the Drinjača River, eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. Famous people from Bosnia and Herzegovina. Born in 1964 in Sarajevo. In medieval times, Bosnian was written using an alphabet known as the Bosnian Cyrillic, which was a version of the Cyrillic alphabet. Bosnia and Herzegovina Phone books gives you access to people lookup, business yellow book and reverse email lookup in Bosnia and Herzegovina and worldwide. 1 Living Bosnian centenarians aged (108+) 2 List of oldest people from Bosnia and Herzegovina (109+) 3 Incomplete Cases 4 Chronological list of the oldest person in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2012 5 References Under 110 Unvalidated supercentenarian Living Pending Unvalidated Unvalidated Living Serb or Croat nationalism also appealed to educated Bosnians, who were often excluded from high state positions by Bosnia and Herzegovina’s imperial rulers. Bosnia-Herzegovina Very small groups reported, but outside the Joshua Project Small Group Policy . Some may not be viable and/or have incorrect Progress … At the time of the COVID-19 outbreak, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) focused on the critical need to maintain essential services, while preventing the spread of COVID-19. Search by first and last name. 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