This mixture of people constitutes the population of the state and they call themselves as ``Asomiya'' or ``Assamese'' and the language is also referred by the same. Trip To Assam Lasts But A Few Days, Memories Of Assam Lasts A Lifetime. Moreover, the countries Bangladesh and Bhutan share the international borders with this state. ASSAM The state of Assam in northeast India had a population of nearly 27 million in 2001. Assam, which is shaped roughly like a Y laid on its side, is a land of plains and river valleys. It also has 20 industrial estates, three industrial growth centres, 11 Integrated Infrastructure Development Depots, 17 industrial areas, 12 growth centres, eight mini industrial estates, one export promotion park and one food processing industrial park. Aircraft movement from Guwahati and Dibrugarh airports stood at 45,539 and 5,502, respectively, in 2019-20. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Get information about Assam - districts, facts, history, economy, infrastructure, society, culture and travel. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Among the most severe are those recorded in 1897, with the Shillong Plateau as the epicentre; in 1930, with Dhuburi as the epicentre; and in 1950, with Zayu (Rima) in Tibet at the Arunachal Pradesh border as the epicentre. Assam, state in northeastern India. Home Assam Information About Assam: Assam Introduction. In 2019 (as of December 2019), 4.7 million tourists arrived in Assam. Assam Electronics Development Corporation Ltd. of 12.58% between 2015-16 and 2020-21. Ancient Kamarupa included roughly the Brahmaputra River valley, Bhutan, the Rangpur region (now in Bangladesh), and Koch Bihar, in West Bengal state. There is one major river (Brahamputra) that flows through the length of the state. Owing to its relative proximity to the rest of the country and availability of quality infrastructure, the state offers a favourable environment for industry. Although some rain occurs from March through May, the heaviest precipitation comes with the southwest monsoon, which arrives in June, stays through September, and often causes widespread and destructive flooding. The state lies on the foothills of the Himalayas. Isolated from the main plateau by the embayments of the Kepili River, the upland there displays a rugged topography. Numerous streams and rivulets that flow from the neighbouring hills empty into the Brahmaputra. Assam information will help you gain your knowledge. In the early 21st century about one-third of Assam was covered with various types of woodlands, including tropical evergreen and deciduous forests, broad-leaved hill forests, pine forests, and swamp forests, as well as grasslands. About Us; The Assam Non-Government Educational Institution (Regulations and Management Act, 2006) was enacted with view to regulate the establishments and management of non-government educational institutions in the state of Assam. The neighboring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam. Sal (Shorea robusta) and hollong (Dipterocarpus rhetusus) trees are among the most bountiful of the hardwoods. Bamboo, orchids, and ferns also are abundant. Let’s get started, let’s know more Assam. Ferry in Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India. Assam has the largest tea growing area in the world, constituting around one-seventh of the global tea production. Annual rainfall in Assam is not only the highest in the country but also ranks among the highest in the world; its annual average varies from about 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the west to more than 120 inches (3,000 mm) in the east. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Detailed information is provided on natural resources of the state such as medicinal plants, minerals, plants, herbs, sericulture, forest resources, mineral resources, etc. Assam, a celestial tourist destination has a lot of overwhelming attractions to offer to travellers. Infringements are subject to prosecution under the applicable laws. Among the other notable inhabitants of Assam’s forests are elephants, gaurs (wild oxen), wild pigs, various species of deer, and primates, such as langurs and hoolock gibbons. Exports from the state stood at US$104.70 million in FY20. Passenger traffic at Guwahati and Dibrugarh airports in 2019-20 was 54,57,449 and 5,31,993, respectively. Assam has numerous wildlife sanctuaries, the most prominent of which are two UNESCO World Heritage sites—the Kaziranga National Park (designated in 1985), on the bank of the Brahmaputra River, and the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (designated in 1992), near the border with Bhutan. Government introduced Jyotisman Asom scheme under Budget 2020-21 to provide free electricity to all households whose monthly electricity consumption is up to 30 units. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport and Dibrugarh Airport are the most popular airports in the state. Britannica now has a site just for parents! De staat heeft 31.205.576 inwoners. An overwhelmingly agricultural state, producing over 50 percent of India's tea, Assam has one of India's lowest literacy rates and highest poverty rates. The Rengma Hills to the south of the ridge average about 3,000 feet (900 metres). After the Anglo-Burmese War of 1824-26, the British occupied the region of Assam. Pop. Related links to access information about sports and adventure, pilgrimage, arts and crafts are available. How many countries border India? 5 Facts About Assam. 4.09 trillion (US$ 58.47 billion) in 2020-21. Information About Indian State of Assam. It is located south of the eastern Himalayas and comprises of the Brahmaputra River and the Barak River valleys. Literacy rate of Assam is 72.19 % which is below India’s average literacy rate of 74.04 %. Let’s learn together, grow together, rise, explore, discover and rediscover Assam. 4. Please enable Javascript for full functionality, Electronics System Design & Manufacturing. Image: wikimedia.org. Assam has the largest tea growing area in the world, constituting around one-seventh of the global tea production. Guwahati is ook de grootste stad van Assam. In FY20, the total tea exports from Assam accounted for US$312.46 million, which was 72% of the total export. It is the perfect destination to break from hectic, mundane and chaotic city life. About 69% of the state's population is engaged in agricultural activities. The name Assam is derived from the word asama, meaning “peerless” in the now extinct Ahom language. Both are refuges for the fast-disappearing Indian one-horned rhinoceros, and the sanctuary at Manas is known especially for its tigers and leopards. There are two UNESCO approved World Heritage Sites in Assam- Kaziranga National Park and Manas Wildlife Sanctuary. Come with us and explore a beautiful state of north-east India. It is endowed with sheer greenery as if a symbol of divine perfection. It has an area of 78,438 km² (30,285 mi²). The south-central hills between Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Manipur include the North Cachar Hills and form part of the Meghalaya Plateau, which may have been an extension of Gondwana (an ancient landmass in the Southern Hemisphere that once grouped together South America, Africa, Australia, and part of the Indian subcontinent). Forests, formerly extending over nearly two-fifths of the state’s area, were reduced by the creation of Meghalaya and Mizoram in the early 1970s. OFFICIAL PORTAL OF THE FEE REGULATORY COMMITTEE, ASSAM. For consent related queries and conditions, please write to info.brandindia@ibef.org, An initiative of the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, ALERT : Javacript is either disabled OR not not supported by this browser. Major physical geographical features of Assam. Freight handled at Guwahati and Dibrugarh airports stood at 21,270 MT and 909 MT, respectively, during same period. Average temperatures in Assam range from highs in the upper 90s F (about 36 °C) in August to lows in the mid-40s F (about 7 °C) in January. We share all information about Assam. The river enters Assam near Sadiya in the extreme northeast and runs westward through the length of Assam for nearly 450 miles (725 km) before turning south to enter the plains of Bangladesh. Studded with low, isolated hills and ridges that rise abruptly from the plain, the valley is rarely more than 50 miles (80 km) wide and is surrounded on all sides, except on the west, by mountains. The name Assam is derived from the word ‘asama,’ meaning ‘peerless’ in the now extinct Ahom language. Major items exported from the state of Assam are tea, Coal, Coke and Briquettes etc. Facts about Assam – Assam is one of the Seven Sister States and is encircled by the remaining Sister states – Tripura, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh – and another state West Bengal. Assam - Assam - History: In the earliest recorded times, Assam was part of Kamarupa, a state that had its capital at Pragjyotishapura (now Guwahati). The state accounts for over 53.55% in the country’s overall tea production. Former Professor of Geography, Gauhāti University, Assam, India. Assam information is a knowledgeable blog over the internet it's providing all about Assam and other helpful topic. Initial effort of planting Chinese varieties in Assam soil did not succeed. Explore Now Writer's Section Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). According to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), total FDI inflow for Assam stood at US$ 5.35 million between October 2019 and June 2020. The state escapes the normal Indian hot, dry season. Information about Assam tourism industry, wildlife, monuments, fair and festivals etc. Assam is home to some 75 species of trees, many of which have commercial value. The rich cultural heritage, exotic wildlife, aromatic tea gardens and temples of ancient times enchant the senses and dawn upon us a … Delhi lies on which river? Although only a small portion of the Barak River valley lies within Assam’s borders, it nevertheless forms an extensive lowland area that is important for agriculture in the state’s southern region. The State is adorned with beautiful lush covers of greenery, a chain of hills and rivers mainly the Brahmaputra and the Barak. Assam is at 19th position among all Indian states in terms of literacy. Due to the high potential for development of wildlife tourism in the state, the Central Government increased the funds under the centrally sponsored “Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats” scheme towards the state to US$ 428,000 for the year 2017-18. Details of accommodations for tourist, various travel destinations, tour and travel packages are also given. They actually came from the ‘Mong Mao Lung’ of South-China’s Yunnan provision.. Mineral Resources of Assam – Oil and Natural Gas, Coal, limestone; Social and Cultural Facts about Assam. Assam has rich Ethnic culture. Sport Assam, Historic Assam, Ancient Assam, Culture of Assam, News, Health and many more. Here are 12 facts about Assam that make it stand out from the rest of the Indian states Assam Guide Give you all information about Important and historical places National Parks sanctuaries and many more and you can gain lot of knowledge from us. Yes, as per Assam’s history their numbers were only 9000 people. 3. It is located in the northeastern part of the country and is bounded to the north by the kingdom of Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh, to the east by the states of Nagaland and Manipur, to the south by the states of Mizoram and Tripura, and to the west by Bangladesh and the states of Meghalaya and West Bengal. The neighbouring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam. According to Hindu mythology, the Brahmaputra rises as the son of the god Brahma from a sacred pool known as the Brahmakund, in neighbouring Arunachal Pradesh. It generally has a northerly slope, with average elevations ranging from about 1,500 feet (450 metres) to about 3,300 feet (1,000 metres). Make your Assam tour & holiday plan with TMI, an award-winning govt approved tour operator in India. The 1950 earthquake is considered one of the most disastrous in South Asia’s history. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Did you know, the Ahom’s who ruled 600 years in the land of Assam were too less in numbers when they first came to the Brahmaputra valley?. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? 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