At first glance of the side pictures of it, it resembles the French Leclerc, |The name Hitomaru comes from Kakinomoto no Hitomaro, The Commander's Panoramic Sight was moved to the right and is located at a higher position than the Type 90, giving the commander a wide range of view. I’d say as good or better than ALL others. 1) Dimensional/weight issues of transportability. … The Type 10 tank is equipped with C4I system (Command, Control, Communication, Computer & Intelligence). The Type 11 Armored Recovery Vehicle (ARV), is currently the only variant of the Type 10 Hitomaru. On January 4th, 2014 the Turkish military expressed an interest in purchasing the Type 10’s powerful engine for their own indigenous Main Battle Tank, the Altay. 3: The information is shared with other tanks in the area. The Type 10 with dozer blade attached. Add to that the nationalism of developing and fielding your own tank with secure lines of supply etc. Lightweight ammunition is fired at high initial velocity due to high cavity pressure. The Russian T-14 has a wide range of ammunition, from AT to Missiles-that nobody else has, but I’d rate the Type 10 as BETTER than M-1a2 Abrams. This increases the elevation or depression angle of the gun, giving the ability to fire over a ridge line without presenting a target for an enemy vehicle. Japan has long tradition of modifying foreign vehicles in order to reduce internal space for its crew. It is designed to penetrate Hybrid Reactive Armor such as "Реликт". Unloaded, which is how it would be transported, it only weighs 40 tons, as previously mentioned. Type 15 tank. 2) Local jobs. They had to do so with NATO’s blessing because of recent post-WWII sanctions, but the threat posed by Russia was great enough to allow the tank to be produced. 2: Commander plots the vehicle’s position using the C4I computer system. The Type 90 Main Battle Tank was developed by "Mitsubishi Heavy Industries". The gun is aimed with the assistance of various day and night compatible 360-degree view range sighting arrays. However, this is not the case for a lot of countries. This gun was designed and developed by Japan Steel Works (JSW), who up until this point had been manufacturing the Rheinmetall L/44 under license, for use on the Type 90. The development began in 1990s, and production is expected to start in 2010-2011. Japan’s Type 74 main battle tank was designed to be an improvement over the Type 61 MBT. Japan is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, which means space is at a premium and there are limitations on its transportation network. The Battalion is identified by the Eagle on the turret cheek. “HITO” of “HITO-MARU” comes from “HITO-tsu” (means “one” in English), and meaning of “MARU” is “zero”. A prototype was revealed on February 13, 2008 at the Technology Research and Development Institute (TRDI) in Sagamihara. This was the main reason of why otherwise vastly superior Leclerc to all its competitors at the time enjoyed so little export success. In order to make tank smaller and weight less, it would require extensive modifications to tank design. The C4I control panel in the Commanders position of the Type 10. [12] The engine was to power the Turkish Altay indigenous tank. It often substitutes for zero in some phonetic reasons.) The Japanese military considered that their armed forces were in need of a tank more suited and prepared for 21st-century warfare. Credit: NK State Media. The Japanese Government is understandably, very secretive about the system. Postwar Japanese Tanks, Kamado Publishing, Aug. 2009. The Type 10 Main Battle Tank (MBT) is the latest Japanese development. Type 10 (10式戦車, Hitomaru-shiki sensha) is a next generation main battle tank of JSDF produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for the Japan Ground Self Defense Force. 5: Target is engaged. This new lightweight MBT is smaller and weights significantly less than other modern battle tanks. By March 2014 however, the deal had fallen through, with Japan’s strict arms trading laws a major factor. However, I would like to add that this tank is expensive not because it is so expensive to design tank locally, but due to very high standard of living in Japan. Therefore, the development of a new main battle tank capable of various future battle missions was necessary.[5]. Under project name of TK-X/MBT-X, development of the vehicle began in the 1990s, while the Type 90 was still fresh off the production line, with production expected to begin by 2010-2011. Building it locally means that all the money invested in the designing and construction stays within the local economy. [4], In the early 2000s, Japan decided to update its tank force to better prepare for 21st Century warfare. So, “hito maru” can be more correctly translated as ” one zero.”. This is downscaled MBT who fits into medium tank role. The driver and commander share a single compartment on the left front of the vehicle. Maru is means “round” or “circle” and is frequently used as zero, similar to when we use “O” colloquially as zero. Type 15 tank. South Korea’s arms acquisition agency has decided to equip third batch of K2 Black Panther main battle tanks with a German transmission system rather than a locally built version under development. is your best friend in searching wallpapers All wallpapers ⇒ current page. It might seem curious that so many countries around the world go through all the trouble of designing and building their own indigenous tank. This can be incorporated into the JGSDF network to enable sharing of information among tanks, as well as connected to the infantry's outdoor computer network "Regiment Command Control System" (ReCS) to facilitate integrated military operations with the infantry troops. Some of the additional plates are sometimes mentioned to be a type of ceramic composite which can be added or removed depending on the mission and weight parameters. [11], On 4 January 2014, sources revealed that Turkey was interested in signing a joint development deal of tank engines based on the Type 10's engine. Day/night sights mounted around the turret, providing a full 360° coverage as well as providing input to the C4I system. The M3 proved admirable in Japan but faced issues in Europe due to its armor and armament. Nr.4 Challenger 2 (United Kingdom) It is a very capable tank. Development began in the 1990s, and production was expected to start in 2010–2011. 31’11” x 10’6” x 7’5” (9.49 x 3.24 x 2.3 m). And thank David Bocquelet and Jaroslaw Janas for their illustrations, One error on “Hito maru.” Hito would be derived from hitotsu or one in the original Japanese numbers, ichi is derived from Chinese number reading. More prototypes, known as the STB-3 and STB-6 were then built, and the tank entered production in 1973, at the Mitsubishi … The C4I system gives the tank the ability for direct communication within the JGSDF network, allowing the tank to share digital information with command positions as well as the infantry’s outdoor computer system, the Regiment Command Control System (ReCS). 113 articles & counting... A great article. These are narrow train’s and road that’s can’t cope with vehicles weig… One of the most powerful ‘tank destroyers’ in WWII. Japan’s Type 10 Hitomaru Main Battle Tank (10式戦車 Hitomaru-shiki sensha) is one of the world’s most technologically advanced armored vehicles to date. Except the Type 10 doesn’t EXPLODE from being hit in the Rear Door ! Type 99 autoloader. In 2010, the Japanese Ministry of Defense placed a ¥12,400M order for thirteen Type 10 tanks (Unit cost: ¥954M). Share the image. The auto-loading mechanism is positioned in the rear section of the turret, giving it that rather large appearance. Each unit is expected to cost approximately ¥700M ($6.5M). Also, if the smaller size is the problem, they could have just bought Russian tanks, same philosophy there. It is accompanied by Type 89 IFVs and Type 87 SPAAGs. Most modern MBT are simply too big or heavy to be transported everywhere by rail. Type 10 MBT design and features. The lower weight and decreased target size enhances mobility and survivability. This allows both armor and infantry to work with the utmost cohesion. The Type 10’s main armament consists of a purpose built 120 mm smoothbore auto-loading gun with optional barrels of L/50 or L/55 caliber. Tankograd Publishing, JGSDF: Vehicles of the Modern Japanese Army, Koji Miyake & Gordon Arthur Main battle tank. and even with the very high cost of the Type 10 it makes a little more sense. [3], The TK-X (MBT-X) project aimed to produce the new Type 10 main battle tank, to replace or complement the existing Type 74 and Type 90 main battle tanks that are currently in service with the Japan Ground Self Defense Force. Type 10 with add-on armour from the 5th Tank Battalion, 5th Brigade of the Northern Army. 103, or S-Tank. I want to expand of why Japanese are building their own tanks. – Illustration by Jaroslaw Janas. [7] Thank you for the this, I shall work it into the text. The vehicle also carries a Browning M2HB .50 cal for personal defense. Size and weight reductions have made Type 10 now six metric tonnes lighter than Type 90, weighing only 44 tonnes. After assessing the upgrade potential of current Type 74 and Type 90 main battle tanks, the Ministry of Defence concluded that there was not enough internal space for a C4I system upgrade on existing tanks. Foreign models can’t be modified extensively in order to fit to Japan’s needs. Image tags:battle tank, type 10, japan, main. The first two prototypes of the tank, which was then designated the STB-1, were completed in 1969. Size and weight reductions have made Type 10 now six metric tonnes lighter than Type 90, weighing only 44 tonnes. This heavy tank was based on the panther chassis and entered the battle in 1943 just to serve till 1945. The Challenger 2 (CR2) is the main battle tank of the British … Heralded as ‘NATO’s Main Battle Tank’, the Leopard I battle tank began production in the mid-1950s in Western Germany. However, negotiations broke down and the deal was "off the agenda" by March 2014. The Japanese Ministry of Defense liked what they had seen, formally signing off on the project late 2009. While their smaller size also presents a problem for the maintenance of the tank which requires quite a good deal of heavy lifting. The T-72 platform was selected as the basis for the new generation of tank owing to its cost-effectiveness, simplicity and automotive qualities. This is why Russians are able to sell their military hardware so cheaply. It is significantly lighter than the current Japanese Type 90 main battle tank. Therefore, … The Challenger 2 has the latest … Tests were made with the Type 74 and Type 90, but it was surmised that there was not enough room for the system in these vehicles. This means that 84% of Japan’s 17,920 bridges are now passable with the Type 10, compared to only 65% of the Type 90, and a meager 40% for the average western tank. Free High Resolution Wallpapers for Android, iPhone and Computers. The CVT gearbox allows the tank to go just as fast backward, as it does forwards, allowing for rapid changes in position. 3) Smaller size of Japanese. Mounted on the right of the muzzle, this sensor is designed to detect any amount of warp in the barrel. This fourth generation vehicle is embedded with numerous top-of-the-line communicative and combative features, most notably the incorporation of the C4I system. This is seen as a ‘must-have’ feature by Japanese strategic heads, given the Japanese countryside’s mountainous terrain. Japan; Japanese TYPE 74 Main Battle Tank Overview | THE TOO LATE TANK; Development of the new Japanese MBT to supplement the Type 61 commenced in the early 1960s, when it was realized that the Type 61 would not be able t. ... Japanese TYPE 74 Main Battle Tank Overview | THE TOO LATE TANK. It pays local people and local companies, which pay taxes to the state, so the money invested in such a military asset eventually return to the government as taxes. 4) Unique characteristics. Foreign exporter is rarely interested in such an investment. 1: Command vehicle spots the enemy vehicle. The T-90 has its origins in a Soviet -era program aimed at developing a single replacement for the T-64, T-72 and T-80 series of main battle tanks. Specializes in weird. After assessing the upgrade potential of current Type 74 and Type 90 main battle tanks, the Ministry of Defence concluded that there was not enough internal space for a C4I system upgrade on existing tanks. The first prototype of the vehicle, built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, debuted on February the 13th, 2008, at the Technology Research and Development Institute (TRDI) in Sagamihara. Tanks are very expensive high-end products. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Japanese Type 90 is a capable 3rd generation main battle tank, however Japan is a cluster of nearly 7000 islands! Japanese Type 10 Main Battle Tank (MBT) Debuts in Military Exercise Japanese Type 10 is Expensive Than Type 90 Main Battle Tank (MBT) New Images of The Japanese Type 10 Main Battle Tank (MBT) – Photo: JP-SWAT. As such, the Type 10 only has a crew of 3 with the commander and the gunner in the turret, and with the driver in the hull. The Type 10 MBT’s is known for its outstanding mobility. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. 4: With the information, the target is acquired. The barrel is also tipped with a muzzle reference sensor. Type 10’s of the 1st Tank Battalion, 1st Division of the Eastern Army, taking part in the 2014 Firepower in Fuji event. Crucial design reason behind Japanese decision to design and produce medium tank instead of MBT. Japanese Type 10 (10式戦車) Main Battle Tank (MBT) is designed to replace Type 74 main battle tanks in the Japan Ground Self Defense Force. Photo: – Kamado Publishing, MBT-X/TK-X, the prototype of the Type 10. [9], The development costs as of 2008 are approximately JPY ¥48,400M (approximately USD $450M). A tank requires a whole suite of different technologies that can then find their way into civilian use, from the suspension to advanced materials used in its construction, electronics, programming, various sensors or the powerful powerpack. It has high rigidity and self-sharpening, Идеальный танк, лучшее сочетание боевых характеристик….. Но, только для местных условий! It wasn’t until the mid 50’s that Japan started tank development with the Type 61 ... Japanese Type 90 Main Battle Tank Development. 1 Description 2 Specification 3 Chronology 4 Trivia It was built byMitsubishi Heavy Industriesas a supplement to the earlierType 61. Member since 2016. A requirement of the Type 10 was that it was much lighter, and it achieved that. battle tank Merkava MK4 Israel main. Main battle tank. Crowds of people had a demonstration of its capabilities at one of the displays at Fuji during which a Type 10 slipped a track during a rapid change of direction and so required the used of the Type 11 to rescue it. ( US$8.4 million). On the right is a large heavy-lift boom. We Japanease are rather practical than romantic ;-). [citation needed] The Type 10's new cannon can fire the normal JM33 APFSDS (license produced DM33 shell acquired from Germany) as well as all standard 120 mm NATO ammunition. Furthermore, such an investment creates jobs for a significant amount of people, ranging from engineers, scientists, programmers and construction workers. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. One of the issues with the Type 90 Kyū-maru Main Battle Tank was its weight of 50.2 tons. Type 10 main battle tank. From what I’ve seen, a VERY good Tank. But, only for local conditions! Compared with other currently-serving main battle tanks in the JGSDF, the Type 10 has been equipped with enhancements in its capability to respond to anti-tank warfare and other contingencies. Required fields are marked *. Follow @DrJohnRickard Tweet. Heavy emphasis was placed on C4I capabilities as well as increasing performance, firepower, defense and mobility. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Mitsubishi began designing the Type 74 main battle tank in 1964. The Hitomaru is powered by a water-cooled, four-cycle, eight cylinder diesel engine producing 1,200 hp through a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) gearbox, propelling the 40-ton tank to a respectable 70 km/h (43.3 mph). The tank entered into service in the year 2012. This .50 cal can either be directly controlled by the commander or remotely from inside his position. 84% of Japan’s 17920 bridges are passable for the Type 10, compared to only 65% of passability of Type 90 and 40% of mainstream western main battle tanks.”, Your email address will not be published. 1 Description 2 Specification 3 Service History 4 Trivia While on Earth, the Type 10 was made to replace the Type-90 Main Battle Tank, … Though the weapon can use all compatible NATO 120 mm rounds, as well as the standard 120 mm rounds used by the JGSDF, the Hitomaru gun can also fire the Type 10 APFSDS (Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilised Discarding-Sabot) round. TheType 74(74式戦車,nana-yon-shiki-sensha)is amain battle tank(MBT) of theJapan Ground Self Defense Force(JGSDF). Of course another reason for Japan to build indigenous tank designs is the smaller average size of Japanese soldiers. The Type 10 is a wholly indigenous Japanese main battle tank fielding state-of-the-art technology that will extensively upgrade the armored reach of Japanese ground forces and help to level the playing field in a region which holds both a volatile North Korean regime and a strong, growing Chinese military influence. As such, exact details of how it operates, or images of the system are not available as of this time. Video from the 2014 Firepower in Fuji event at the JGSDF’s Guji training ground featuring the Type 10. In the early 2000s, Japan decided to update its tank force to better prepare for 21st Century warfare. Very high wages results in very high cost of everything they do. Japan’s twenty-first-century tank destroyer is the Type 16 Maneuver Combat Vehicle, an eight-wheeled armored car with a 105-millimeter gun situated in a three-man turret. These cookies do not store any personal information. The Type 10 tank boasts of high mobility, including a backward movement speed of 70 km/h (43 mph). The most capable of these tanks are the Type 96A and Type 99 main battle tank.” Chinese weapons technology has in the past drawn heavily from other designs (often those of the Soviet Union), but much of China’s hardware is becoming more fully Chinese-made, according to a report by Caleb Larson at The National Interest .

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